Increasing resilience in fishing communities to impacts of COVID-19 in northern Peru
PROYECTO AUMENTO DE LA RESILIENCIA EN LAS COMUNIDADES PESQUERAS ARTESANALES A LOS IMPACTOS DEL COVID-19 EN EL NORTE DE PERÚ
The project aims to increase the socio-economic resilience of artisanal fishing communities in northern Peru to impacts of COVID-19. In this way, it aims to generate updated information on the impacts of the pandemic in fishing communities, that will support decision-making by communities, the government and wider society and the design of strategies to reactivating the seafood value chains while minimizing health risks.
Evaluate the effects of COVID-19 on health, production and socio-economic aspects in the main fishing communities in Piura region.
Analyze the value chains of key selected fisheries and estimate the impact of COVID-19 on the production and socioeconomic conditions throughout the chain.
Evaluate whether the impact of COVID-19 has generated innovations in the supply chains making them more resilient.
Involve key stakeholders including the government, fishing communities and supply chain actors and disseminate online information to support decision-making.
Make recommendations to promote fishing reactivation and associated activities, while minimizing risks to health.
The project is developed in 12 fishing communities along the coast of Talara, Paita and Sechura provinces in Piura region.
Left: Area of the twelve artisanal fishing communities of Piura region.
Right: Area of Piura region on the Peruvian coast.
Yellowfin tuna is a highly migratory species, with a wide distribution in all the world’s oceans. In Peru, it is an important fishery for artisanal fleets in the north of Piura region (Cabo Blanco, El Ñuro, Los Organos, Mancora) due to its high commercial value. Tunas are in high demand in specialized national markets, such as restaurants and hotels, as well as a significant demand for export.
The scallop is a filter mollusk that is used by extracting commercial individuals from natural banks and by cultivating them in cages on the seabed or suspended culture. In Sechura, the production of shells represented 22% of the total landings of this province between 2015 – 2018. It has represented one of the main economic activities of Sechura, since it generates employment in its growing, harvesting and processing phases.
(Merluccius gayi peruanus)
The artisanal fleet dedicated to Peruvian the hake fishery operates off the province of Talara – Piura and Tumbes region. The landing takes place in around 10 coves in northern Piura and Tumbes. Peruvian Hake is one of the main fishing resources in the province of Talara, representing 37% of the total landings of this province between 2015-2018. Hake landings from the El Ñuro and Los Órganos coves, belonging to Talara, represent 67% of the national landings of this resource.
MEDIUM-SIZED PELAGIC FISHERY
The medium-sized pelagic fishery, such as jack mackerel, bonito, mullets and others, is carried out by artisanal boats called “bolicheras” which use purse seines. Between 2015 and 2018, the landings of medium pelagics in Sechura represented around 27% of the total landings. These species are in high demand in the local markets, especially jack mackerel, and also all over Peru.
THE HANDLINE FISHERY
The handline fishery is carried out along the entire north coast, in high productivity areas very close to the coast. The fishing gear is a string fitted with a hook to attract the target species. A variety of demersal species are caught that have high commercial value and are mainly destined for regional markets and restaurants. Mainly cachema, cabrilla, pintadilla, jack mackerel, squid, lorna, etc. It is considered a very selective fishery both in species and size and obtaining high quality fish.
The jumbo squid is the main fishing resource for Piura region, both in landing volumes and in processing capacity and labor. For the period 2016 – 2018, jumbo squid represented 16% of the landings in Talara province, 25% in Sechura province and 81% in Paita province. Only in Paita, there are around 600 vessels dedicated to this fishery and around 50 freezing plants with a high demand of labor. Most of the landings go to the processing of frozen products for export.
PARTNERS AND STAFF
Its implementation is in charge of the St. Andrews University (Scotland), the Foundation for Agrarian Development (FDA) on behalf of the Agrarian National University, and the Peruvian nonprofit REDES – Sostenibilidad Pesquera. The project has the technical support from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). It also has the support of the Regional Government of Piura region.
The project is funded by the UK Fund for Research and Innovation (UKRI).
Nianjun Shen (FAO)
Project evaluates the impacts of COVID 19 in fishing communities of Piura region
FISH4ACP Program to overcome the impacts of COVID-19 on the value chains of artisanal fisheries in northern Peru
Increased Resilience in fishing communities to the impacts of Covid-19 in northern Peru.